Category Archives: News and Current Events

Wakanda: Country of Magical Negros

By: Micaela Shambee– Editor, The Drive

Note: There are minor spoilers in this review, but considering the movie reached over 1 billion across the globe, I’m sure you won’t mind. 

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Imagine a country ran by cutting-edge technology. Home to strong, precious metals that you cannot find anywhere. A place where Blacks are celebrated, seen, and are rulers, not ruled.  A beautiful, egalitarian society, where women proudly wear their natural hair, are tech geniuses, and warriors. A negro Utopia.

Black people (around the world) have never seen Black Culture portrayed and celebrated like this.

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Being an African American women myself, watching the film was like being transported to the country of my ancestral dreams. It was stated in the film, “Wakanda has Vibranium, one of the strongest metals in the world,” and I was filled with pride and wonder. It was as if I was discovering the motherland and its riches for the first time. I thought to myself, Black people (around the world) have never seen Black Culture portrayed and celebrated like this.

However, after further introspection, an interesting realization emerged about the relationship between Africans and African Americans.

It is no secret that Africans and African Americans have a complicated relationship here in the U.S. Immediately upon hearing that Vibranium existed in Wakanda, most African Americans I spoke with about the movie immediately questioned why “Wakandians” would hoard and hide something that could help not only the entire continent of Africa, but could help liberate African Americans across the Atlantic Pond Ocean?

We could not even fathom a “Wakanda.” However, it is important to note that Africans maybe cannot fathom a “Wakanda” either. 

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One could not help but identify with Killmonger, the US military trained cousin of Black panther, who assails to the throne to avenge his father’s death.  Killmonger’s story is all African Americans story: our ancestors were the slaves brought to America in bondage.  We can not even fathom a “Wakanda.”

However, it is important to note that Africans maybe cannot fathom a “Wakanda” either.

African countries have been war torn, ravished, and characterized by their former colonizers’ tyranny, just as African Americans were stripped of that same culture and identity.  It makes no sense  to compare and contrast our struggles as they are inherently tied to one another.

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Hopefully, this film will be used as a tool for unity among Black and Brown peoples.  The image of Wakanda should be an inspiration for the future country of magical Negros of our own making.

Did Black Panther live up to its hype? Did you feel the deep divide between Africans and African Americans in the film?  Sound off in the comments below and let us know!

–And remember,

Stay informed, open-minded, and driven.



America Ad Nausea

By: Micaela Shambee– Editor, The Drive

Photo Credit: Photo by REX/Shutterstock (9072556c)United States President Donald J. Trump answers questions from the press after stepping off of Marine One on the South LawnDonald Trump returns to the White House, Washington DC, USA – 24 Sep 2017 LAS VEGAS, NV – JANUARY 18: Adult film actress/director Stormy Daniels appears at the Wicked Pictures booth at the 2017 AVN Adult Entertainment Expo at the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino on January 18, 2017 in Las Vegas, Nevada. (Photo by Ethan Miller/Getty Images) REX/Shutterstock; Ethan Miller/Getty

Why are we tolerating this, our American sickness?

A President and a Porn-Star are not condemned by the Evangelical Movement.  Our religious, the self-proclaimed Right, these guardians of unborn life, seem un-enflamed, un-enraged… unashamed.

Ashamed of who “they” put into the Land’s highest office– Evangelicals supported Trump by a wide margin and still do a scandal riddled year later (by about 80%.)  Ashamed that their candidate and now “our” President, the supposed paradigm of American virtue, the “Make- America-White-Great-Again” president, is caught paying hush money to his “honey-dip”, a four time Adult Video News (AVN) award winner.  A Hall of Famer even!

Photo Credit: Google Images

Jimmy Swagger. Jim Bakker.  Gary Heart.  Names you do not recognize?  If not, it is because they all fell from Evangelical grace for– in sequential order:  a prostitute, an extra-marital affair with embezzlement to hush-up, and a mistress.  Two tele-evangelists (the Jim-Jimmy’s) and a Presidential Candidate (Mr. Heart.)

“I do not care who my politicians diddle.  I only care if they can represent me and mine, all of us diverse Americans.”

Maybe in this era a mega-churches, the Evangelicals have learned forgiveness.  Money, lots and lots of it, from sinners seeking Joel Osteen divine abundance sermons will do that.  Why did Rev. Osteen not open his 16,285 seat capacity Lakewood Church during the Texas Hurricane Harvey?

Maybe as a Liberal I’m being hypocritical.  Because I do not care who my politicians diddle.  I only care if they can represent me and mine, all of us diverse Americans.


Photo Credit: Google Images

America, what has happened?  It’s as if a Kremlin gremlin has climbed into the machine of our psyche.  Or it’s just a mirror reflecting back true morals.  A fun mirror.  As mirrors do, they reflect back ourselves as opposite.  Liberals act as #metoo prudes; Conservatives act as the hear no evil, see no evil, do no evil monkeys… as libertines.

What is happening?


Stay informed, open-minded, and driven.

Will Republican Senator Marco Rubio’s Real Agenda Please Stand Up?

By: Micaela Shambee– Editor, The Drive

Senator Marko Rubio CNN Town Hall
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If you watched the Town Hall meeting with students that survived the Florida School mass shooting last week, you were probably left wondering (like me): why do Americans still care more about their guns then their own children?

Last week I explored this dilemma in America Does Not Care About its Kids, but the answer to this question took to the stage after NRA spokeswoman Dana Loesch, gave her scripted answers about the banning of AR-15’s: Republican Senator Marko Rubio.  In response to a question posed by a survivor to Senator Rubio about rejecting NRA funding, the Senator answered, not by saying yes, but by attempting to place blame on the constituents that support gun laws and the rights to conceal.

“They fear alienating their primary voters and the National Rifle Association.”

Watch below:

If you look at the statistics, the National Rifle Association (NRA) is a top donor for the Senator Rubio’s Campaign. In 2017 Senator Rubio received over 3 million in funding from the NRA alone.

Marco Rubio NRA Contributions
Contributions from the NRA to Senator Marco Rubio in 2017. Source: New York Times Article, “Thoughts Prayers and NRA Funding”

What is most alarming about the Senator’s response, is that it appears that money is the root cause for ignoring our need for stricter gun laws in America.  According to New York Times Article, “Thoughts Prayers and NRA Funding” :

“Most Americans support stronger gun laws — laws that would reduce deaths. But Republicans in Congress stand in the way. They fear alienating their primary voters and the National Rifle Association.”

This leads one to ask: Will Marco Rubio’s Real Agenda Please Stand Up?

Did you watch the Town Hall Meeting? What did you think of Senator Rubio’s response? Sound off in the comments below!

–And remember,

Stay informed, open-minded, and driven.



Meet the Beautiful Women of Wakanda in Essence Magazine

By: Micaela Shambee– Editor, The Drive

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Essence Magazine March 2018 Photo Credit:

Hopefully by now, you have either seen Black Panther, or are planning to go see it because the movie is ranked as the Best Movie of All Time by movie critiquing site Rotten Tomatoes (with a 97% average to boot), and has grossed over 200 million dollars at the box office.

With the overwhelming success of the movie, one should know that it has an all star cast, both male and female.

However, specifically, the female cast is impeccable.

Photo Credit: Entertainment Weekly

“Playing a queen was just unattainable, unavailable. Even in a fictitious world, a Black woman cannot be queen.’


Angela Bassett as Ramonda, Lupita Nyong’o as Nakia, Danai Gurira as Okoye (of Walking Dead fame), and scene stealing Letitia Wright as Shuri, all bring a healthy dose of strong Black Woman to the film, along with their incredible acting chops. In Essence Magazine, they recall how it feels to play their respective characters. Sydney Scott writes, 

“Explaining the importance of such strong Black women in the film, Boseman said, ‘We can have really strong Black women who don’t have to be damsels in distress, who are independent and powerful, who can also fall in love at the same time.’

Bassett, who has an envious career and numerous awards under her belt including a Golden Globe, says that despite the roles she’s had the opportunity to play, royalty is rare. 

‘Just to have the opportunity to portray that, image—me, a little Black girl from the Florida projects,” she told ESSENCE. “Playing a queen was just unattainable, unavailable. Even in a fictitious world, a Black woman cannot be queen.’

She scoffs, “Why can’t I be?”

Photo Credit: The Glow Up

This isn’t our first time seeing these incredible women light up the big and small screens with their talents.

Don’t pretend you did not see What’s Love Got to Do With It or How Stella Got her Groove Back. Angela Bassett has a long string of big and small screen features and a Golden Globe to back it up. Lupita Nyong’o won an Academy award for Best Supporting Actress for 12 Years a Slave, Danai Gurira is known for her outstanding portrayal of  Michonne on The Walking Dead and Letitia Wright can be seen in Black Mirror episode “Black Museum.” (If you have not seen Black Mirror, check it out on Netflix, you will not be dissappointed).

Photo Credit: The Glow Up

If you didn’t know, now you know.

Did you see Black Panther?  What did you think? Does the movie match its ratings? Also check out the March issue of Essence Magazine to learn more about the beautiful women of Wakanda and the amazing actresses behind them!

–And remember,

Stay informed, open-minded, and driven.


America Does Not Care About Its Kids

By: Micaela Shambee– Editor, The Drive

Illustration by Bill Day for Politicususa

In the wake of the recent mass shooting in Florida, where 17 people (14 were students) were killed by 19 year old Nicolaz Cruz, at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, one would think that America would be considering stricter gun laws. However, the Trump Administration appears to be soft-peddling the issue, toying with the idea that background checks should be revised.

“Americans are not concerned with the well being of its children.”

According to USA Today News, “Sanders confirmed that Trump spoke on Friday with Sen. John Cornyn, R-Tex., about a background check bill he has has introduced with Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Conn.

Murphy said Trump’s apparent support ‘is another sign the politics of gun violence are shifting rapidly.’ In a tweet, the Connecticut senator said that ‘no one should pretend this bill alone is an adequate response to this epidemic.’

Yet is unclear how far Trump is willing to go on gun control – or if he’ll take any action at all.”

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What is most difficult about this administration’s response, is that it doesn’t include an actionable plan for children’s safety.  Focusing on background checks simply glosses over the main issues with gun control, and shows that Americans are not concerned with the well being of its children.

According to Susan Perry of MinnPost,

Each year, nearly 1,300 children aged 0 to 17 in the United States — more than three a day — die from gunshot wounds. Another 5,790 are treated each year for gunshot-related injuries, wounds that leave many of the children disabled for life.

And those numbers are probably underestimates.

The situation is so grim that firearm-related deaths — homicides, suicides and unintentional shootings — are now the third-leading cause of death overall among American children. More children in the United States die from gunshot wounds than from birth defects, heart disease, influenza and/or pneumonia, chronic lower respiratory diseases (including asthma) and stroke.

Firearm-related deaths are also now the second-leading cause of injury-related deaths among children. Only motor vehicles claim more of these lives.

Indeed, 10 percent of all deaths among children aged 0 to 17 are the result of gun injuries.

She goes on to state that, “The American Medical Association has called gun violence ‘a public health crisis,’ one that’s ‘unrivaled in any other country.’ And the American Academy of Pediatrics believesthe “the most effective way to reduce firearm-related injuries and death is to keep guns out of homes and communities.”

According to non-profit organization Everytown for Gun Safety, a total of 18 shootings have occurred on school campuses across the United States as of February 20.

Still, we do nothing.

Illustration by Bill Day for Politicususa


What do you think about the trump administration’s response to the recent mass school shooting?

Sound off in the comments below and sign up for The Drive newsletter to get updates and more news.

–And remember,

Stay informed, open-minded, and driven.

What’s really wrong with Amy Sherald’s Portrait of Michelle Obama?

By: Micaela Shambee– Editor, The Drive

@AmySherald’s Portrait of former first lady, Michelle Obama.

–It’s been several days since the unveiling of former President Barack Obama and Michelle Obama’s portraits for the Smithsonian, and the reactions to the striking paintings could not be more brutal.

Especially, the reactions to Michelle Obama’s portrait.

Across all social media platforms, opinions of the portrait range from frustrations with Sherald’s use of gray-scale for the skin tone, to the questioning of Sherald’s ability to accurately portray the former first lady, prompting the question:

What is really wrong with the Portrait of Michelle Obama?


After the unveiling of the portrait, Michelle Obama’s reaction to her own immortalized image ironically gives insight to the inherent problems with the portrait.  She states, “I’m also thinking about all the young people, particularly girls and girls of color, who in years ahead will come to this place and they will look up, and they will see an image of someone who looks like them hanging on the wall.” Mrs. Obama said.

The irony of this statement is that when black girls look up to the portrait, they will not see an image of themselves, with various shades of brown–but gray–a haunting reminder of the socio-political issues surrounding skin tone in and outside the black community.

“When given the opportunity to render our own image, whether conscious or unconscious, are we choosing to enhance or erase ourselves?”


Critics feel that the grayscale adds insult to injury because the portrait also does not have the former first lady’s striking Black features: her full, high check bones, prominent nose and striking eyes. This leads one to question: when given the opportunity to render our own image, whether conscious or unconscious, are we choosing to enhance or erase ourselves?

Photo Credit: theobamadiary

Former President, Barack Obama said, “Amy, I want to thank you for so spectacularly capturing the grace and beauty and intelligence and charm and hotness of the woman I love,” further prompting critiques of the painting.

Twitter users wrote:

“Michelle Obama said in a speech that she is proud that young girls of color will look at this portrait and say “that could be me”…which is true because it looks nothing like Michelle Obama.” Stevie G.B. (@Steviegeebee). February 13, 2018 (Excerpt from Twitter)

Love the photo, but the portrait of Michelle Obama lacks heart and soul and doesn’t even look like her. Such a shame. jcfred (@jcfclark1). February 14, 2018

“What do you think of Michelle Obama’s official portrait? Please vote and retweet.

06% It looks just like her
16% It sort of looks like her
78% It doesn’t look like her

With more than 70% of voters in the individual tweet above stating that the portrait doesn’t look like the first lady, it’s easy to say that Amy Sherald’s take on the first lady has been discomforting for the general public.

However, maybe, that was the artist’s intention.

Photo Credit: The New York Times

What do you think of the Obama portraits?

Sound off in the comments below and sign up for The Drive newsletter to get updates and more news.

–And remember,

Stay informed, open-minded, and driven.



The State of Trump Affairs


by: Keisha Thompson

On Friday, Trump said, “NFL owners who see players disrespecting the flag should say ‘get that son of a bitch off the field right now, he’s fired’”. When will someone tell that ‘son of a bitch Trump’ to get out of the White House, he’s fired? There is not enough time or space on this paper to list the countless disrespectful things Trump has said and done since announcing his intent to seek the presidency. At the onset of his presidential campaign, Trump attacked Mexicans and Muslims by calling them rapists and murderers and he even mocked a disabled reporter. How much more damage will Trump be allowed to commit before he’s removed from the office of President of the United States?  Trump has no clue what it takes to be President of the United States.

There are so many things wrong with the statement he made on Friday. Trump has forgotten the foundation on which America was built. America was built on the backs of immigrants with sweat and calluses.  Many have fought and died for African Americans to have the same rights as whites. Whatever laws are used to protect and defend whites, should also protect and defend blacks.  However, Trump believes that certain laws are only for certain people. Trump believes he is above the law and that he is untouchable and can do whatever he wants with this country and that belief will be the death of his Presidency.

Trump should also take the time to understand the laws of the government he governs. It’s clear that Trump has no idea what the American Constitution stands for. The Constitution of America ensures that all Americans have the same rights. It did not specify that those rights are only for certain people, but rather for all Americans. It is actually illegal to fire someone for expressing their constitutional rights. Yet, Trump boasts proudly and loudly for the NFL owners to violate the players Constitutional rights by firing them.

A President is someone who protects and unites the citizens. Instead, Trump uses divisive rhetoric to exclude certain people. Trump’s moral compass has been stained by his white privilege. Trump is more upset that the NFL players are not standing during the National Anthem (which is their Constitutional right), while being supportive of the rights of white supremacist groups. The idea that a President supports the beliefs of any white supremacy group is despicable.

The main intent of white supremacy groups is to exterminate all non-white residents in America.  How can anyone support the idea that whites are superior to all other races?  That idea is what has this great country in its present state. There are loads of proof of the destruction due to the idea that whites are superior. It’s 2017 and America is still trying to find room for all of the immigrants who built this great country – America.

The answer to the question, “who will tell that son-of-a- bitch Trump he’s fired?,” is very simple. It will be Robert Mueller. As the investigation into what and how big of a part Russia played in the U. S. 2016 Presidential Election continues, Trump is beginning to feel the noose around his neck tighten. In response to this, Trump attacks everyone involved with the investigation, attracting more unwanted attention. The more Trump speaks and questions the process of the investigation, the more he reveals that he in fact knew of Russia’s intent and of the method in which they would interfere with America’s democratic process. The American people should be outraged that a presidential candidate would collude with anyone trying to topple this world revered American institution. Yet Trump participated and won the 2016 Presidential Election.

When will America invoke their Constitutional right and impeach Trump? Trump has proven time and time again that he is a habitual liar and that he is a racist. Trump is attempting to make America great again by eradicating all immigrants, people of color, and everyone who supports people of color from America. This is a shame particularly because Trump’s parents were also immigrants.

Each former President of America has attempted to unify the majority of the American people, but today Trump has only managed to unify the racist of America and today they make no attempt to hide their faces any more. A decade ago the Ku Klux Klan would have at least covered their faces when committing heinous crimes, but because of Trumps rhetoric the members no longer feel the need to cover their faces when committing these crimes.  Everything all of the former Presidents worked for is on the verge of disappearing. All of the rights of the American people are on the verge of vanishing right before their eyes if Trump is not impeached.

The DACA Program

Image from:  AMP∙ NBC News

By: Keisha Thompson – September 8th, 2017

President Trump is adamant about terminating the DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) program. On September 5, 2017, the Trump Administration announced that Congress has six months to find a permanent solution or the President will put an end to the program. The DACA program ensures that young children brought to America illegally by their parents are given permission to work, study and to obtain a driver license. Along with other benefits, the 800,000 DACA recipients have an opportunity to change their status from illegal alien to permanent resident. The individuals in the 800,000 are from predominantly poor countries and they live all across America.

Illegal immigration is a controversial topic for people who are for and against illegal immigration. Any reasonable person can admit that no one wants individuals living in their country who are intent on destroying or interrupting their way of life as in the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001. However,  ending the DACA program does nothing to ensure that terrorists will not attempt to attack Americans. The 800,000 individuals in the DACA program are in America due to no choice of their own. They are in America because their parent or parents made the decision for them to be here and for most of them, America is the only home they have ever known.

This decision is not about what is best for America, but rather another attempt from President Trump to erase everything Former President Obama accomplished. Trump boasts of his ability to make money and that he will grow the U.S. economy and yet he makes a decision that will cost America more than $400 billion according to This does not include the actual cost of deporting 800,000 individuals to their port of origin. To President Trump’s bottom line of growing the U.S. economy, this is a serious loss.

Of all of the United States Presidents, Trump especially should understand better than any of the others what exactly is at stake in the battle of immigration. Trump is a product of immigrant parents. If his parents did not make the journey to America, he himself would not have had the opportunity to become a successful businessman and the chance of becoming President. It is a safe assumption that his parents wanted an opportunity to have a chance at a better life not only for themselves, but also for their children; and he, (of all their children) is benefitting the most from their struggles.

This decision can also be considered as another step for Trump to make America great again. However, what this decision also does is gives another glimpse into who exactly Trump is. Trump has no room for the people of color and the poor. In his vision, America has no room for any of the individuals who are struggling in other parts of World. Trump has forgotten that this Great America was founded by people who were running from religious persecution in England and various hardships in other countries. If not for immigration where would America be today? – Still inhabited exclusively by Native Americans?


Gun Control Laws

Gun control iimage
Image: Washington Monthly.

By: Keisha Thompson

Last week, the Stephen Paddock, shot and killed 58 individuals for no apparent reasons. First of all, extended condolences to all the families and friends of the victims in the Las Vegas massacre; the World mourns for your lost, at this horrific time. Everyone can relate to the pain and horror the families might be feeling at this time, yet there are no words to express the deep sadness the World collectively feels. May the Lord gives each some peace and comfort during this difficult time.

However, this is not the first incident of Americans turning their anger against the American public. In recent years, the America public has had to deal with many individuals whose sole intent was to commit havoc. The American people are all too familiar with the headlines, “49 killed, 58 injured in Orlando Nightclub shooting” (June, 2016), “14 killed 2 injured in California” (December 2015), or Sandy Hook, “12 killed 3 injured”. These are no longer isolated incidents on American soil but a harsh reality of life.

After the incident, it has been discovered that Paddock had an estimated 33 guns. Paddock had at least two semi-automatic weapons, which he then altered to become fully automatic weapon, giving him the ability to kill and injury as many as he can.  The incident has left many to question how is it possible for Paddock to acquire all his weapons? What laws make is it legal for him to possess so many? This incident is rehashing the debate about gun control, about how best to handle the politics of Americans owning guns.

The American public has seen the failure of gun laws. For instance, Chicago has become the murder capital of America, due to its high murder rate which is a result of weak gun laws. Chicago is a war zone, more murders occur in Chicago than in the current war. Criminals in Chicago are not afraid of being caught with weapons. They understand that due to over crowed jail systems and weak laws; it is just a matter of time before they are release and free to continue with their behavior. They are not afraid of the consequences of their actions.

A part of the problem as to why the issue with gun control still lingers is due to republican’s firm belief in the 2nd Amendment – the right to bear arms (like Paddock’s right to own the weapons). The hope is that republican’s now understand what can happen when people are allowed to purchase 33 weapons.  The irrefutable damage one can do in a matter of 10 – 12 minutes.  Between Paddock’s 10 – 12 minutes rampage, he left 58 people dead and over 500 people injured.






Will Paddock be called – a terrorist?

Paddocks (7)
Image: Sky News

By: Keisha Thompson

Since the Las Vegas shooting there has been rumors of the word “terrorist” associated with Stephen Paddock.  The Oxford Dictionary defines a terrorist as “a person who uses unlawful violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims.”  In other words, anyone who terrorizes another person or group. It is safe to say that taking a semi-automatic weapon and firing it until it is empty is an excessive use of violence and intimidation toward a huge group of unsuspecting victims. Paddock not only terrorized the 22,000 people inside the music festival, but he also terrorized the other thousands of Las Vegas residents and guests near the festival. The people in attendance and in the surrounding areas did absolutely nothing to Mr. Paddock, yet he directed all of his rage towards them.

A terrorist essentially intimidates and scares the people around them, and for 12 minutes, Paddock terrorized everyone near the shooting site.  Hotels and business were closed down for 5 hours, until police officially cleared the area. The victims spent a few hours not knowing if they were safe or if they would ever see their family members again. Paddock changed thousands of lives drastically in twelve minutes and their lives will never be the same again. The freedom to experience life by his victims is gone.  They will never feel at ease in crowds and they will never go back to who they were before the shooting. Even in death, Stephen Paddock still terrorizes his surviving victims.

So why is Paddock not being called a terrorist? To call Paddock a terrorist would go against everything Trump is fighting for. It’s no secret that Trump believes that people from Arab speaking countries are terrorists. Trump has gone as far as to ban refugees, visitors and immigrants from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen, which leads many to call it Trump’s Muslin ban. Trump believes that terrorists only come from Arabic countries without considering America’s own home grown terrorists. There are many Americans living right here in America who actually hate America, and like other outsiders are more than willing to attack America and its citizens.

It also has to do with America’s systemic racism. It is no secret how Trump feels about Arabic individuals who are Muslims.  Trump believes they are terrorists and that Mexicans are rapists. The only people Trump whole heartedly supports are the white supremacist groups who hate all people of color, like President Trump himself.  Trump cannot publicly call Paddock a terrorist because it goes against everything he stands for.  Therefore, Paddock will inevitably be labeled as a mental case. There was an anonymous comment after the incident stating, “if a Muslims commits a crime, the whole religion is found guiltily, if a black man commits a crime, the whole black race is guilty, and if a white man commits a crime, he has to be mentally unstable.” Trump has already begun using terms to support this idea.

Some critics argue that Paddock is not a terrorist because he has no known political affiliations. Does it really matter that there is no political statement or letter stating, “I did this because of, or in response of?”  One could argue that Paddock’s political statement is the substandard and deficient gun control laws which allowed him to acquire over thirty weapons in his collection.

Paddock’s rampage was an attempt to attack the Constitutional right of Freedom of Assembly- the right of all country music fans to gather and celebrate their favorite artists. Paddock’s aim was to instill fear into Americans and to have Americans question their every step as in other societies around the globe. Paddock wanted to disrupt the flow of American life by changing the way American operates.

If Paddock is not a terrorist, then who on earth will ever be classified as such?